- Pekingese Information & History
- What’s In This Guide
- Pekingese - Wikipedia
- The Definitive Guide To Pekingese Dogs
- Peekapoo – A Complete Guide To The Pekingese Poodle Mix
Pekingese appreciate going for walks and will be excellent company jaunting through the neighborhood with you. They will run around the house, especially with another Peke or other dog. Despite their heavy coat, Pekingese are housedogs and should not live outdoors. Their short noses make them sensitive to heat, so they need to live in an air-conditioned environment.
Pekes are stubborn and can be difficult to train. They won't respond at all to harsh corrections or training methods. Reward them any time they do something you like, and be creative in persuading them that what you want them to do is their idea and worth their while. Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don't all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog.
The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. Pekes are meant to be stocky, muscular dogs who feel heavy when lifted, but they shouldn't be fat. Keep your Pekingese in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. If you're unsure whether he's overweight , give him the hands-on test. Place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, with the fingers spread downward.
You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs fewer bonbons and more exercise. For more on feeding your Peke, see our guidelines for buying the right food , feeding your puppy , and feeding your adult dog.
Pekingese Information & History
The Pekingese wears a coat that is long, coarse, and straight, standing away from the body like a furry halo. Beneath the topcoat is a thick, soft undercoat. True to his description as a lion dog, the Pekingese has a noticeable mane on the neck and shoulder area, with the coat on the rest of the body being somewhat shorter. While it should be long and profuse, the coat should not obscure the shape of the body. Long feathering is found on the backs of the legs and on the toes, with longer fringing on the ears and tail. The Peke's coat can be any color or have any markings, including black and tan, fawn or red brindle, and particolor, which is white with another color.
He may or may not have a black mask. Solid white Pekingese were highly prized by the Chinese and are still popular today. Regardless of coat color, the exposed skin of the muzzle, nose, lips, and eye rims is black. Unless you're showing him, you can brush your Peke's coat weekly with a small bristle brush, curry brush, or shedding comb. Before brushing, mist the coat lightly with water to prevent the hair from breaking.
What’s In This Guide
Brush all the way down to the skin; if you just go over the top of the coat, you won't get out the dead hair that forms mats and tangles. Continue to mist the hair as you brush each area of the body. Use a metal comb on the feathering and fringing on the legs, ears, and tail. These areas tangle easily, so comb them daily. Clean the face and around the eyes daily with a damp cotton ball to prevent problems with the skin folds in the area. Keep skin folds clean and dry to prevent infections. Any time your Peke gets wet, thoroughly dry the skin folds until no dampness remains. Bathe your Pekingese once or twice a month, as needed.
Use a shampoo made for dogs so you don't dry out his coat. You can also shake on a dry dog shampoo and then brush it out. Trim the hair on the feet to prevent mats from developing and foreign objects from becoming tangled there. Trim the nails regularly , usually every two or three weeks. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they're too long. Teaching your Peke puppy to accept having his teeth brushed at least weekly daily is better can help prevent dental disease later in life, a common problem in small dogs.
A Pekingese is not a good choice for families with toddlers who may treat him roughly without meaning to. Always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's sleeping or eating or to try to take the dog's food away. No dog should ever be left unsupervised with a child. Pekes prefer the company of other Pekingese, but with early socialization they can learn to get along with other dogs and cats and may even rule over dogs that are 20 times their size.
Pekingese are often purchased without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one. There are many Pekes in need of adoption and or fostering. There are a number of rescues that we have not listed. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Peke rescue. See below for complete list of Pekingese characteristics!
Breed Characteristics: Adaptability. All Around Friendliness. Health Grooming. Exercise Needs. See Dogs With Low Intensity.
Vital Stats: Dog Breed Group:. Due to their short noses, Pekes snore, some quite loudly. The round bulging eye of the Pekingese can be damaged or "popped out" during excessively rough play; this is rare but can occur. Pekes have an excessive amount of wrinkling on face; this can cause problems with skin fold dermatitis, skin irritations, and infections.
Pekingese - Wikipedia
The folds should be kept clean and dry. Pekes have a tendency to gain weight if overfed. A Peke may go on a hunger strike just to prove a point over his owner. Pekingese tend to bark a lot.
The Definitive Guide To Pekingese Dogs
The breed can be difficult to housebreak. Pekingese tend to be one-person dogs. Because of their profuse coat and short noses, they do not tolerate heat well.
To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
Patellar Luxation: Also known as "slipped stifles," this is a common problem in small dogs. It is caused when the patella, which has three parts — the femur thigh bone , patella knee cap , and tibia calf — is not properly lined up. This causes lameness in the leg or an abnormal gait, sort of like a skip or a hop.
It is a condition that is present at birth although the actual misalignment or luxation does not always occur until much later. The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can lead to arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. There are four grades of patellar luxation, ranging from grade I, an occasional luxation causing temporary lameness in the joint, to grade IV, in which the turning of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be realigned manually. This gives the dog a bowlegged appearance.
Severe grades of patellar luxation may require surgical repair. This condition occurs in those breeds that have been selectively bred to have a shortened face. These dogs have some problem with breathing from the time they are born. The exaggerated features that occur with their anatomy include an elongated and fleshy soft palate, narrowed nostrils, changes to the larynx, and a relatively small trachea.
Problems vary according to the severity of the disease. Most brachycephalic dogs snuffle and snort to some degree.
Peekapoo – A Complete Guide To The Pekingese Poodle Mix
Some have no other problems; others have increasingly noisy breathing, coughing, gagging, fainting, and collapsing episodes and a decreased tolerance for exercise. Overheating is especially dangerous for these breeds because panting causes more swelling and narrowing of the airway, increasing the dogs' anxiety.
Treatment can include keeping dog from becoming overweight, corticosteroids for short term relief of airway inflammation, and surgical shortening of the soft palate if it is elongated. Cataracts: A cataract is an opacity on the lens of the eye that causes difficulty in seeing.
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The eye s of the dog will have a cloudy appearance. Cataracts usually occur in old age and sometimes can be surgically removed to improve the dog's vision. Cleft Palate: The palate is the roof of the mouth and separates the nasal and oral cavities.
It is made up of two parts, hard and soft. A cleft palate has a slit that runs bilaterally or unilaterally and can range in size from a small hole to a large slit. A cleft palate can affect both the hard and soft palate separately and together and may cause a cleft lip. Puppies can be born with cleft palates, or a cleft palate can occur from an injury.